Both the state and federal governments have criminal courts. Each court handles different types of crimes and has rules and procedures that need to be followed. Drug charges typically are prosecuted in Oregon courts as a state crime. Drug offenses have a wide range of punishments depending on the specific charges, the amount of drugs the person is accused of having or dealing, the person's criminal record and the type of drug involved. However, some drug charges can be prosecuted in federal court. These charges are typically more severe and have heavier consequences.
A former police officer who now coordinates the Oregon Department of Transportation's impaired driving program is pushing for tougher DUII laws that would include any substance that impairs drivers, including prescription drugs. She says that abuse of these medications is an increasing problem in the state, but drivers affected by them currently aren't charged with a DUII.